Thursday, June 2, 2011

Sri Aaditya Hrudayam - Introduction

In the Mahabharatha, once the Kurukshetra war was over, Yudhistira went to his great grand dad Bheeshma who was lying in a bed of arrows, waiting for the start of Uttaraayana period to attain moksha. Yudhistira sought advice from Bheeshma on Rajya Paripalana and Dharma Paripalana. The advice given on the Dharma Paripalana is part of what we recite today as Vishnu Sahasranaama. At the end of the advice, Yudhistira had a very valid doubt - 'Will people have the patience and time to recite this Naamavali ?'. Bheeshma gave a short cut for that. As long as the following shloka is recited, that is equivalent of reciting the 1000 names of Lord Vishnu.
ஸ்ரீ ராம ராம ராமேதி ரமே ராமே மனோரமே
சஹஸ்ர நாம தத்துல்யம் ராம நாம வரானனே 

For ordinary mortals like us, Raama naama is the solace. But in reality, even that Raama at one point was so engrossed in mental agony and disturbance, that he had to seek comfort from Aaditya - the Sun God. Let us look at that glory of Sun God said in the words of Agastya Maharishi in the Shloka of Aaditya Hrudayam.

In the Yudha Kaanda of Raamayana, Raama built the bridge to reach Lanka and all set for the war with the Lankan emperor Raavana. At that time Raama was disturbed by the might of Raavana and about his perceived mismatch in fighting with him. Even though he is an Avatara of Lord Vishnu, he wasn't aware of it at that time. (He came to know of it only during Sita's AgneePariksha). He has this Mana Klesha (mental doubt) about how he is to go ahead with the war against an Emperor who has all the Asthras and Shastras while he has just a Vaanara Sainya as army. At this time Maharishi Agastya appeared before Raama and advised him to pray to Sun God Aditya and recited Aaditya Hrudayam. Hearing this Shloka Raama got emboldened and ready to face Raavana.

Sun God Aaditya is the devata visible to us in our daily life. It is the source for all the living beings. Without him, this whole universe cannot survive. He travels in a chariot pulled by Seven Horses driven by a charioteer Aruna. Some say the morning and evening hues of the Sun rays are Aruna and recite Aruna Paarayanam for Aruna. We recite Gayathri mantra in our Nithya Karma Sandhyavandanam. 'Gaya' means singing / song and 'tra' means Protection. So Gayathri means a song for our protection. The meaning of this Gayathri mantra is - 'I meditate upon the most adorable luster of the Sun God which is the source of the functions of our intellect'. We are meditating upon this Sun God as the Parabrahma - the goal of our life. In the Maadhyaneekam prayer of Sandhyavandanam, Sun worship is a part. We fold our fingers in a particular fashion to form a hole in between and through this we look at Sun to recite few Shlokas. This is also good for the eye-sight. Even in Astrology, Sun plays an important part in the Horoscope chart. It is said Sun's position in the chart is the basis for the relationship with father.

If we recite this Aaditya Hrudayam daily before sunrise in the Brahma-Muhoortha period it is great. If not do the recitation around noon or atleast on a Sunday, This will give mental courage, strength and victory over enemies. Let us look at each of the Shlokas and its meaning in the coming parts.


  1. ஆதித்ய ஹிருதய ஸ்தோத்ரம் தினமுமோ அல்லது ஞாயிற்றுக்கிழமை அதிகாலையிலோ, அல்லது காலையிலோ மூன்று முறை பாராயணம் செய்வது மிகவும் விசேஷமானது. எல்லாக்கார்யங்களும் வெற்றியாகும். மனோதைர்யமும் வலிமையும் ஏற்பட்டு சத்ருபயம் நீங்கும் என்பதில் எந்த சந்தேகமும் இல்லை. நல்ல பதிவு. வாழ்த்துக்கள். நன்றி!

  2. உன்மையிலேயே பயனுள்ள விஷயம் சொல்லி இருக்கீங்க.குழந்தைகளுக்கும் சின்ன வய்சிலேயே
    நாம இதெல்லாம் பழக்கப்படுத்தலாம்.ஏன் ஆங்கிலம்
    தமிழில் சொன்னா இன்னமும் ஈசியா இருக்குமே.

  3. வாங்கோ மாமி. இன்னும் நிறைய பேர் படிக்கலாம்னு தான் ஆங்கிலம்.